Ehrenberg, 1834, p. 325

Type Species

Madrepora areolata Linnaeus, 1758, p.795; Subsequent Designation Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848:493

Type Specimen: Holotype; ; Lost; Dry Preserved

Type Locality: "O. Asiatico" (Linneaus, 1758)

A possible specimen of Linnaeus is at the Linnean Society in London. However, it is uncertain if this specimen is truly the type. This possible type specimen is figured by Matthai (1928, pl.69, fig.4-6).




Corallum uniserial meandroid; theca usually septothecal but sometimes parathecal; septa having tricorne teeth oriented perpendicular to the septal plane; septal faces with spiked granules organized in lines; paliform lobes well-developed; columella continuous, trabecular, teeth similar in size and shape to septal teeth; endotheca tabular; zooxanthellate.


Differs from Diploria in having well developed septal lobes.


Fossil species monographed in Budd and Johnson (1998); approximately nine species, seven of which are known as fossils. For Recent species, see Matthai (1928).


  • North Africa; Paleocene
  • Southern Europe; Eocene
  • Caribbean; Miocene - Pliocene
  • Central America; Miocene
  • Caribbean; Miocene
  • North America, Central America, Caribbean; Pliocene - Pleistocene
  • North America; Pliocene
  • Central America; Pliocene
  • Caribbean; Pliocene
  • North America; Pleistocene
  • Central America; Pleistocene
  • Caribbean; Pleistocene
  • Western Atlantic; Recent
  • North America; Holocene
  • Caribbean; Holocene
Miocene-Recent: Caribbean; reef depths. Historical distribution: Miocene-Recent., West Indies-Florida (Wells, 1956) Source: Paleobiology database (accessed 6/4/12), Veron (2000). Distribution compiled by Matthew Tibbits

This page has been in preparation since 02-Jul-2008 09:54

This version was contributed by Ann Budd on 03-Jul-2012 19:43.

Page authors are: Ann Budd. Please contact the editor if you would like to contribute to the diagnosis of this taxon.

The editor is: Ann Budd

Manicina areolata from the Atlantic coast of Panama